“Understanding the Importance of Confidentiality in Section 75 of The Arbitration and Conciliation Act”

Understanding the Importance of Confidentiality in Section 75 of The Arbitration and Conciliation Act

The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 is a comprehensive piece of legislation catering to domestic arbitration, international commercial arbitration, and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards. One of the key aspects of the Act that warrants a closer look is the principle of confidentiality enshrined in Section 75. In this article, our experts from SimranLaw take a deep dive into the subject, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the issue.

Concept of Confidentiality in Arbitration and Importance of Section 75

  1. Confidentiality forms the cornerstone of arbitration. It not only maintains the sanctity of the dispute resolution process but also ensures that parties can freely discuss their issues without fear of public exposure.
  2. Section 75 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, entrenches the principle of confidentiality in legislation. It states that all matters related to conciliation proceedings shall be kept confidential and used only for purposes of those proceedings.
  3. The importance of this provision cannot be underestimated, as it shields the arbitration process from unnecessary public scrutiny and ensures that the parties can speak openly about their issues and seek redressal without fear of negative repercussions.

Analysis of Case Laws Related to Confidentiality

Here, we analyse case laws that emphasise the importance of confidentiality in arbitration proceedings.

1. AB v CD [(2017) EWHC 14 (Comm)]

In this English High Court case, it was asserted that there’s an implied duty of confidentiality in arbitration proceedings. As such, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, they are obligated to respect the confidentiality of the arbitration proceedings and the award.

2. Emmott v Michael Wilson & Partners [2008] EWHC 2684 (Comm)

This case further established the principle of confidentiality. It was held that all documents produced by a party in the proceedings should not be disclosed or used beyond the purposes of those proceedings, except with express agreement or order of the court.

3. Alba Diagnostics v Univ of Edinburgh (2007)

In this case, the Scottish Court held that a duty of confidentiality exists in arbitration proceedings. However, it stated that the duty is subject to certain necessary exceptions such as where disclosure is mandated by law or required by a court order.


  • A careful reading of Section 75 and analysis of relevant case laws make it clear that confidentiality is central to the arbitration process.
  • Not only does it preserve the intent and purpose of arbitration but it also secures the trust of disputing parties.
  • However, the principle of confidentiality is not absolute and can be subjected to certain exceptions as per necessity and legal requirement.
  • Therefore, it is essential for practitioners and parties to understand the importance and extent of confidentiality to ensure an effective and respectful dispute resolution process.

In conclusion, confidentiality holds great significance in arbitration. The provisions in Section 75 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 are designed to protect this principle and strike a balance between public scrutiny and private resolution.

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