Judicial Review refers to the power of the judiciary to review and determine the constitutionality of laws passed by the legislative branch, or actions taken by the executive branch of a government. This process ensures that these entities don’t act beyond or against the provisions of the constitution.
In simpler terms, imagine if you’re playing a board game and one player isn’t playing by the rules. Judicial Review is like having a referee who checks if everyone is playing the game correctly according to the rule book (the constitution). If someone tries to cheat or break the rules, the referee (the judiciary) can call them out and make sure that everyone sticks to the rules.